A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence. By properly combining these clauses together, you can create a different sentence structure that goes beyond the typical. An independent clause, on the other hand, constitutes a complete. Unlike a dependent clause, an independent clause is grammatically completethat is, it can stand alone as a sentence. Underline the independent clause or clauses in each sentence. Independent clause errors this handout identifies the common errors with linking independent clauses and then describes the five most common techniques for correcting these errors. Few albums that ive heard this year give such clear insight into the creative process of the artist as chassols ludi. Clauses in english grammar with examples pdf parts of. An independent clause functions on its own to make a meaningful sentence and looks much like a regular sentence. A clause may also include modifiers and a verb predicate. Clauses are larger units whereas phrases are the smaller part of the sentence. Types of clauses independent clauses dependent clauses contain both a subject and a verb contain both a subject and a verb, but cannot stand and can stand alone as a sentence. Grammatically complete sentences like above are statements that can stand alone. A dependent clause one that is usually a supporting part of a sentence.
Above is all about the clause, phrases, types and their differences with examples that can help you out in clearing your concept. The difference between an independent and a dependent clause is the type of word it starts with. Answer sheet for independent and dependent clauses. It includes a practice assessment after the lesson. An independent clause can stand alone as a complete sentence. In a sentence two independent clauses can be connected by the coordinators. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. Because i dont know how to do my math homework, i need to call jim for help. A relative clause is essential when you need the information it provides.
Combining independent clauses to combine two independent clauses into one sentence, use a comma and a coordinating conjunction, a subordinating conjunction, a semicolon. I am saving my money because i want to buy a new ipad. Jim studied in the sweet shop for his chemistry quiz. Sometimes two independent clauses are put together to make a longer sentence. By this time, you should understand the structure of various types of clauses in english. My dog floyd, who eats too much pizza, has developed pepperoni breath. An independent clause contains both a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought.
An independent clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate. Sandy likes to read mysteries because she wants to be a detective. I went to the store, but i forgot to bring my shopping list. Subordinate dependent clause doesnt express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence. If the underlined part of the sentence is an independent clause, write ind in the blank. It usually starts with a relative adverb when, why, where or a relative pronoun who, whom, which, that, whose which often functions as the subject of the clause. The important point to remember about subordinate clauses is that they can never stand alone as complete sentences. A clause is a group of related words that contains a subject and a verb. Clauses and sentence structure there are two types of clauses. Independent clauses are used in all types of complete sentences. Clauses lesson slide show lesson teaching students independent and dependent clauses and phrases. Clauses english grammar today cambridge dictionary. Dependent clause dc a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete idea. A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb.
It is a complete thought and the smallest unit of grammar that is syntactically accurate. Chassol hears everything as music, from a basketball bouncing dribbles and beats to conversations the excellent your hands to spoken word monologues i think the game, pts. A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb. It expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. Independent and subordinate clauses worksheet library. For the latter option, there are three choices writers must consider. An independent clause, along with a subject and a predicate, conveys a complete thought and can stand alone as a sensible statement. They have both an independent and a dependent clause. Independent and dependent clauses a clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a verb.
Independent clauses in compound sentences, fall 2012. An independent clause can stand alone as a separate sentence. Examples of independent clauses an independent clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate. This knowledge can also help in varying sentence length in writing, which makes all forms of writing better more on sentence length. Independent and dependent clauses purdue writing lab. Like anything, the use of independent clauses can go wrong. Dependent clauses, which start with subordinating conjunctions such as while, that, or unless, give background information but cannot stand on their own as sentences. Dependent and independent clauses video khan academy. Independent clause examples with worksheet samples in pdf. Clauses are the basic building blocks of sentences in the english language. Now that students have a basic understanding of runons, fragments, independent clauses, and sentence types, they will repair some common writing errors and write their own complete. To compose wellstructured, properly punctuated sentences, writers should recognize and understand the key building blocks of sentences. Independent and subordinate clauses an independent clause or main clause expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is also known as a main clause or a superordinate clause.
Here are examples of two independent clauses joined together in one sentence by a comma and a coordinating conjunction the beach is a lot of fun, yet the mountains are better. Imagine how difficult it would be if we all communicated in. A subordinate clause or dependent clause does not express a complete thought. A dependent clauses or subordinate clause is one that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence i. Independent clause ic an independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. There are two types of words that can be used as connectors at the beginning of an independent clause. A dependent clause starts with a subordinator word such as when, if or which. Noun clauses any clause that functions as a noun becomes a noun clause. Dickerson clauses the sentence is the basic unit of communication in english.
Independent and dependent clauses are two types of clauses in the english language. An independent clause id has one sv combination and expresses a complete thought. Linda wants to write a novel, but she is afraid to try. An independent clause one that can stand alone as a sentence. An adjective clause, which is also called a relative clause, is a type of dependent clause that functions as an adjective in a sentence. In most cases, writers add a dependent clause to an independent clause to form a complete thought. This handout will examine independent clauses, focusing particularly. Jan 25, 2019 in english grammar, an independent clause is a group of words made up of a subject and a predicate. Definition and examples of independent clauses english.
Independent and dependent clauses a clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. If it is a subordinate clause, write sub in the blank. The weather is beautiful today, so ill take a walk. Independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction. Jet lag affects most long by subordinating conjunctions such as because, what, if distance travelers. Children rewrite each sentence into two independent clauses, eliminating the relative clauses. Although my best friend invited me, i chose not to go to the dinner party. Clause a group of words with a subject and a verb independent clause ic a clause that can stand alone as a complete idea ex. A subject is the person or thing that is doing something or being something.
A verb expresses the action or condition of the subject. Answer sheet for independent and dependent clauses displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept some of the worksheets for this concept are independent clause 1, independent and dependent clauses, independent and subordinate clauses, phrases and clauses, clauses at the mall, clauses practice answer key directions this, ind for. When two or more clauses are put together in one sentence, they are often separated by a transition signal. Clauses in english grammar with examples pdf parts of speech. This is also know as the main clause of a sentence due to how it functions.
A compound sentence is composed of at least two independent clauses. A subject is typically a nounthe person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. Clauses come in two forms, independent and dependent. It contains a subject, a verb, and often an object or complement. A clause is a grouping of words in english that contains a subject and a verb. Types of clauses california state university, northridge. Learn the definition and usage of independent and dependent clauses with useful examples and free esl printable infographic. Independent clause examples with worksheet samples in pdf understanding independent clauses. Dependent clauses contain both a subject and a verb contain both a subject and a verb, but cannot stand and can stand alone as a. Clauses and phrases are the subunits of a sentence. Independent and dependent clauses differences and examples. Clauses english grammar today a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage cambridge dictionary. In the example curt called his father is an independent clause. Reallife examples of clauses there are two types of clause.
Adding dependent clauses to independent clauses is a great way to easily bring the clause advantage to your writing. This is done with a comma and a fanboys conjunction. I cant get my phone to charge, so i must need a new battery. It can also be joined to other dependent or independent clauses to make a more interesting and complex sentence. When composing with dependent clauses, a writer can position them before, within, or after the independent clause. These example sentences with two clauses are called complex sentences. Independent clause an independent clause is a clause that can stand alone as a sentence i. Dependent clauses identify the following as independent or dependent clauses. Independent clause along with having subject and verb expresses a complete thought and can be held alone as well here are some examples of independent clause. She understands what you cannot explain in words clause. This independent clause worksheet pdf thrives on the tremendous upgrade and practice it offers young learners. A group of us went to the movie, and we agreed it was enjoyable. An independent clause can stand alone in a sentence.
It must contain at least one subject and one verb, such as in the sentence. Independent and dependent clauses understanding the difference between independent and dependent clauses is important in understanding how to construct sentences and avoid fragments. A phrase is a collection of words that may have nouns or verbals, but it does not have a subject doing a verb. It contains a subject and a verb in its smallest form. It would be a complete sentence without anything else added to it. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, beginning with a capital letter and ending with terminal punctuation such as a period. In these three quotations, the independent clauses are shown in bold and the dependent clauses arent. Improve your writing skills by learning how to construct proper sentences for better communication through these independent clause examples and worksheets. To complete the thought, you must attach each subordinate clause to a main clause. If denise comes to class late, which i bought last weekend. Apr 09, 2020 independent and dependent clauses worksheets april 9, 2020 february 12, 2020 some of the worksheets below are independent and dependent clauses worksheets, combining independent clauses, identify the clauses as either dependent or independent by marking them i or d, learning the two types of words that can be used as connectors at the beginning. Because these sentences only have one independent clause and no dependent clauses, they are called. The independent clause a main clause that expresses a complete thought. Independent and dependent clauses san jose state university.
I smashed my car into an oak tree after i went to the store. Clauses and phrases powerpoint lesson this slideshow is a revision. Independent and dependent clauses independent clauses. You must decide if the relative clause is essential or nonessential and then use commas accordingly. Answer sheet for independent and dependent clauses worksheets. Here are some examples of everyday expressions containing independent and subordinate clauses used in simple, compound, complex, and compoundcomplex sentences. Independent and dependent clauses definition, usage.1189 677 634 31 1557 1 105 1156 1362 364 1343 1029 1518 119 1562 643 1166 1232 174 916 751 1270 1120 915 922 1290 920 853 1245 1201 241 805 447 827 508 979 28 87 1484