Human physiologythe female reproductive system 3 the ovaries of a newborn baby girl contain about one million oocytes. Human reproductive system the female reproductive system. Effective public health programs, research, and policy relating to human sexuality, pregnancy, contraception, and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections including hiv depends upon knowledge of the structure anatomy and function physiology of the male and female reproductive systems sexual and reproductive development. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, it is not essential to keeping an individual alive. Ectopicwhen the zygote implants in the fallopian tube. A number of conditions can result in compromised function of these organs which ultimately affects the fertility of a couple. Nov, 2019 the human reproductive system and the ability to reproduce make life possible. In human reproduction, two kinds of sex cells or gametes are involved. In addition, the female reproductive system interacts with a number of other body systems when it is functioning properly, illustrated by including the nervous system s hypothalamus and. Dec 19, 2017 the female reproductive system is one of the most vital parts of the human reproductive process.
Although a man is needed to reproduce, it is the woman who incubates the. The fourth edition of human reproductive biologywinner of a 2015 textbook excellence award texty from the text and academic authors associationemphasizes the biological and biomedical aspects of human reproduction, explains advances in reproductive science and discusses the choices and concerns of today. Reproductive system pdf worksheets lesson worksheets. On average, 500 oocytes are ovulated during a womans reproductive lifetime. The most important glands in the endocrine system are the adrenal, thyroid, and pituitary gland, though reproductive organs, such as the female ovaries and male. A sexually mature girls reproductive system is amazingly complex and can be the source of many questions and much misinformation. The female section 3 reproductive system structure and function you learned that the reproductive cells in males are called sperm. Human reproductive system male and female reproductive. Sperm, the male gamete, and an egg or ovum, the female gamete must meet in the female reproductive system to create a new individual. Displaying all worksheets related to human reproductive system.
Generously illustrated in full color, the text provides current information about human reproductive anatomy and physiology. Anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system. Label the diagram and write the function of each part below. Mcbirney, 1984, science, 504 pages created by local writers and photographers, compass american guides are the ultimate insiders guides, providing indepth coverage of the history, culture and character of. Males have testes also called testicles, while the females have a pair of ovaries. Using an appropriate reference, define cryptorchidism and discuss its significance. Describe the various neoplastic diseases of both the female and male. The female reproductive system is one of the most vital parts of the human reproductive process.
Which of the following statement is not correct regarding human endometrium. Gonads are the organs of the reproductive system that produce the gametes haploid sex cells. There are many organisms which do not reproduce mules, sterile worker bees. The website, is an outstanding resource for endocrine physiology, especially reproductive endocrinology and we strongly suggest you read the appropriate chapters that pertain to the ovary, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, prolactin, reproductive disorders, and the male reproductive system. Bc biology 12 study guide answer key reproductive system 1. These external structures include the penis, scrotum, and testicles. Yo u notice that some students changed a lot over the summer.
Preclampsiatoxemia prevents the placenta from getting enough blood. Displaying all worksheets related to reproductive system pdf. The male and female reproductive systems are organized by several types of organs. This number declines to 400,000 to 500,000 by the time puberty is reached. Pathology of female reproductive system ovaries neoplastic diseases, cysts torsion, endometriosis, hemorrhagic corpus luteum, hormonal imbalance fallopian tubes infection, tubal pregnancy, neoplastic disease uterus corpus neoplastic disease, hyperplasia, functional bleeding, infection. The function of the male reproductive system is to produce sperm and transfer them to the.
The organs of the male reproductive system are one pair of testes, one pair of epididymis, one pair of vas deferens, one pair of. The functions of the female reproductive system are to produce sex hormones, to produce eggs, and to provide a nourishing environment in which a. Overview of the reproductive system boundless anatomy and. A virus that affects humans, sometimes causing cervical or. The human reproductive system 1 the human reproductive system 2 male reproductive system urinary bladder seminal vesicles prostate gland urethra penis rectum epididymis cowpers gland testistestes vas deferens scrotum 3 male reproductive system frontal view see p. In the female reproductive tract, fertilization normally occurs in the a. Human reproductive biology, third edition emphasizes the biological and biomedical aspects of human reproduction, explains advances in reproductive science and discusses the choices and concerns of today. Read and learn for free about the following article. On the diagram below of a frontal section of a portion of the female reproductive system, identify all indicated structures. It is composed of glandular epithelium and underlying stromal tissues. The fallopian, or uterine, tubes conduct ova to the uterus, which lies within the lesser or true pelvis. But they still have lots of questions about their changing bodies.
Disorders of the female reproductive system research over many years has confirmed that cervical cancer is most often caused by a sexually transmitted infection with human papillomavirus hpv. Grades 9 to 12 human body series female reproductive system. Worksheets are chapter the human reproductive system, students work docs, grades 6 to 8 human body series female reproductive system, human female reproductive system cloze work, male and female reproductive body parts, name reproductive system work, reproductive system, 9 10 lesson 3. Reproductive system teacher reference sheet male reproductive body parts term description and function foreskin a wrinkly skin that covers the end of the penis. Human reproduction important points the human is unisexual and viviparous. These activities will help students understand the anatomy and function of the female reproductive organs. Human reproductive anatomy and gametogenesis biology. Let us examine the male and female reproductive systems in human. In sexual reproduction, two individuals produce offspring that have some of the genetic characteristics of both parents. The human reproductive system this scanning electron microscope image enlarges human sperm cells on a human egg cell thousands of times. The human female reproductive system contains three main parts. Mar 22, 2018 the reproductive system is a collection of internal and external organs in both males and females that work together for the purpose of procreating, according to the cleveland clinic.
The human reproductive system and the perinatal period sofad. Worksheets are chapter the human reproductive system, human female reproductive system cloze work, lesson plan sexual reproductive anatomy and physiology, human reproductive system, anatomy physiology reproductive system work male, grades 6 to 8 human body series female reproductive system, male and. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the reproductive system across 27 indepth pages. Mar 15, 2016 sexual reproduction human reproductive system, male and female reproductive system, gametogenesis, menstrual cycle, fertilisation.
The male reproductive system produces, sustains, and delivers sperm cells spermatozoa to the female reproductive tract. May 29, 2016 hello, bodhaguru learning proudly presents an animated video in english which describes the reproductive system and explains how fertilization occurs in human. Human reproductive system, organ system by which humans reproduce and bear live offspring. Reproduction is the mechanism by which continuation of generation is sustained. The structures of the male reproductive system include the testes, the epididymides, the penis, and the ducts and glands that produce and carry semen. Unique for its role in human reproduction, a gamete is a specialized sex cell carrying 23 chromosomesone half the number in body cells.
Identify all indicated structures or portions of structures on the diagrammatic view of the male reproductive system below. Reproductive system anatomy of male reproductive system. Human sperm, visualized using scanning electron microscopy, have a flagellum, neck, and head. The physiology of the female reproductive system describes how these various anatomical structures interact in a normal reproductively fertile adult woman. The uterus connects through the cervical canal with the. Reproductive system, page 3 of 6 d reproductive hormones of the male 1 gonadotropinreleasing hormone gnrh. Worksheets are chapter the human reproductive system, human female reproductive system cloze work, lesson plan sexual reproductive anatomy and physiology, human reproductive system, anatomy physiology reproductive system work male, grades 6 to 8 human body series female reproductive system. The female gonads, or sexual glands, are the ovaries. The human male reproductive system is a series of organs located outside of the body and around the pelvic region.
Unlike the female reproductive system, most of the male reproductive system is located outside of the body. Human reproduction male reproductive system male reproductive. The human female reproductive system is a series of organs primarily located inside the body and around the pelvic region of a female that contribute towards the reproductive process. The primary function of the human reproductive system is to produce sex cells. This lesson was most recently edited on march 23, 2011.
In spermatogenesis, meiosis results in the formation of a. Human reproduction is an example of sexual reproduction. The two ovalshaped organs that produce, store, and release human eggs are called. Human reproductive system development is regulated by complex genetic, endocrine, and environmental signals. In females, they are called eggs, or singular,ovum. These activities will help students understand the anatomy and function of the female reproductive system.
Ncert general science reproduction in animals there are two modes by which animals reproduce. Human reproductive system human reproductive system the female reproductive system. When a male and female sex cell unite, an offspring grows and develops. The primary direct function of the male reproductive system is to provide the male gamete or spermatozoa for fertilization of the ovum. Fill in from the teacher master list below the parts that students dont mention. Biology human reproductive system and fertilization process. Grades 9 to 12 human body series female reproductive. Provided all organs are present, normally constructed, and. The gonadal primordium is the only tissue in mammals that has two divergent developmental fates, leading ultimately to the formation of either a testis or an ovary cederroth et al, 2007. The papanicolaou test also called pap smear, pap test, cervical smear, or smear test is a screening test used to detect potentially precancerous and cancerous processes in the endocervical canal transformation zone of the female reproductive system. Complications caesareansurgical incision through the abdomen. Introduction to reproductive health and environment. Add the following labels to the diagram of the reproductive system of a male dog shown below.
Differentiate among the major congenital anomalies of the female reproductive system. The male reproductive system is composed of a pair of testes, the male sex accessory ducts and the accessory glands and external genitalia. Any reproduction by mechanical or electronic means, including micro reproduction, is forbidden without the written permission of a duly authorized representative. Human reproductive biology, 20, 400 pages, richard e. As you list the parts on the board, briefly define each body part, where it is in the body and what it does. Science high school biology human body systems the reproductive system. C biology 6 january 15, 2014 female reproductive system ovaries female gonads that produce eggs and hormones. This chapter describes the different parts of the female reproductive system. The human reproductive system and the ability to reproduce make life possible. These are readytouse reproductive system worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the reproductive system which is one of the most important systems in an organism.
There are over 100 related viruses in the hpv family, and the characteristics of each strain determine the outcome of the infection. Provided all organs are present, normally constructed, and functioning properly, the essential features of human reproduction are 1 liberation of an ovum, or egg, at a specific time in the reproductive cycle. Ovulation occurs about two weeks before a womans period. Realworld reading connection its the first day of school. Some boys are circumcised at birth, when young or in their teens for culturalreligiousmedical reasons.
Human physiology the female reproductive system 3 the ovaries of a newborn baby girl contain about one million oocytes. Human reproductive system male and female reproductive organs. The female reproductive system produces, sustains, and allows egg cells oocytes to be fertilized by sperm. Human reproductive system an overview sciencedirect topics. Pathology of female reproductive system ovaries neoplastic diseases, cysts torsion, endometriosis, hemorrhagic corpus. Lead the activity labeling parts of the reproductive system. Organs of sperm transfer the male organ that transfers sperm to a females reproductive tract is a penis pee nus. Human reproductive biology 400 pages igneous petrology, alexander r. Sperm exit the scrotum through the ductus deferens, which is bundled in the spermatic cord. Distinguish between a gamete and a gonad using specific examples from the male and female systems. Grades 6 to 8 human body series female reproductive system. In human beings, both males and females have different reproductive systems.
Stimulate anterior pituitary to produce and release fsh and lh 2 fsh follicle stimulating hormone a produced by anterior pituitary gland. You will read in this chapter that after one sperm cell enters an egg cell, other sperm cells cannot. Introduction to reproductive health and the environment pdf, 2. A copulatory organ that is responsible for delivering the sperm to the female reproductive tract. The female section 3 reproductive system the female. The egg ovum is then surrounded by a graafian follicle, which produces the female. Although a man is needed to reproduce, it is the woman who incubates the developing fetus and. Penis, vas deferens, urethra, bladder, rectum, prostate gland, ureter, testes, seminal vesicle. This function necessarily includes the reproductive portion of the hypothalamus and pituitary hypophysis gland. This scanning electron microscope image enlarges human sperm cells on a human egg cell thousands of times. At fertilization, the chromosomes in one male gamete, called a sperm or spermatozoon, combine with the chromosomes in one female gamete, called an oocyte. In addition, the female reproductive system interacts with a number of other body systems when it is functioning properly, illustrated by including the nervous systems hypothalamus and.223 329 186 424 1563 703 1589 433 584 266 928 352 547 317 1153 1531 1556 1395 1302 27 291 148 528 1430 1305 1415 1107 1203 362 513 504 1062 5 122 969 928 1052 1386 1494 75 1091 1095 790 36 965